Using Julia to Optimise Trajectories for Robots with Legs

07/27/2023, 3:30 PM4:00 PM UTC
32-124

Abstract:

Planning trajectories for underactuated systems is a challenging problem in robotics. The dynamics governing such systems are quite complex, and mechanisms themselves have strict physical limits. In this talk, I will explain how we can use Julia (and packages from its robotics ecosystem) to frame motion planning problems as numerical optimisations. I will also share videos of robots solving practical tasks in the real world, tracking trajectories computed with this approach.

Description:

In this talk, I will explain how direct transcription works ─ a numerical optimisation approach that uses the model of a robot and its dynamics to plan feasible motions. I will start with a brief introduction on underactuated systems, and then explain how we can model system states (joint positions, velocities, torques, and contact forces). Next, I will go over the equations of motion that govern the system and show how to write equality and inequality constraints to enforce system dynamics, kinematic goals, and contact stability. After that, I will explain how we can formulate direct transcription problems in Julia (using existing packages from its rich ecosystem). In short, these are:

  • Ipopt.jl/KNITRO.jl for interfacing with off-the-shelf nonlinear programming solvers
  • RigidBodyDynamics.jl for calculating the whole-body system dynamics of complex mechanism models
  • SparsityDetection.jl, ForwardDiff.jl, and SparseDiffTools.jl for sparsity calculation and automatic differentiation of the NLP constraints and their Jacobians
  • StaticArrays.jl for non-allocating arrays used within the NLP constraints
  • MeshCat.jl for 3D visualisation of mechanisms
  • RobotOS.jl for ROS-related communications

I will also mention TORA.jl, an open-source implementation of direct transcription for robot arms, and go over a Jupyter notebook with a demo. Finally, I will share some videos of robot experiments on quadrupeds and humanoids from my PhD and postdoc work.

Platinum sponsors

JuliaHub

Gold sponsors

ASML

Silver sponsors

Pumas AIQuEra Computing Inc.Relational AIJeffrey Sarnoff

Bronze sponsors

Jolin.ioBeacon BiosignalsMIT CSAILBoeing

Academic partners

NAWA

Local partners

Postmates

Fiscal Sponsor

NumFOCUS