ExprParsers.jl: Object Orientation for Macros

07/28/2023, 6:00 PM6:30 PM UTC
26-100

Abstract:

You want to build a complex macro? ExprParsers.jl gives you many prebuilt expression parsers - for functions, calls, args, wheres, macros, ... - so that you don't need to care about the different ways these high-level Expr-types can be represented in Julia syntax. Everything is well typed, so that you can use familiar julia multiple dispatch to extract the needed information from your input Expr.

Description:

The need of abstracting upon Expr-types like functions is already recognized by the widespread MacroTools.jl. There you have support for functions (and arguments) by a set of helpers like splitdef and combinedef which go from Expr to Dict and back.

ExprParsers.jl is different from MacroTools.jl in that it 100% focuses on this kind of object-orientation, extended to many more Expr-types like where syntax, type annotations, keyword arg, etc. In addition, ExprParsers are well typed, composable and extendable in that you can easily write your own parser object.

When working with ExprParsers, you first construct your (possibly nested) parser, describing in detail what you expect as the input. Then you safely parse given expressions and dispatch on the precise ExprParser types. Finally, you can mutate the parsed results and return the manipulated version, or simply extract information from it.

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